To manufacture quality drugs consistently, there is need to transfer necessary technologies and information. This process is referred to as technology transfer. It is a process of taking a certain invention from its birth in a laboratory and transforming it to a commercialized product.
In the pharmaceutical industry, the term technology transfer is used to coin all the processes that are required for successful development from drug discovery to product improvement to clinical trials to total commercialization. Continue reading Pharmaceutical Technology Transfer Process
There are three types of magnetic surveys: ground based, aero magnetic survey, and ship borne survey. When the target of interest requires closely spaced readings, the ground magnetic survey is preferred. The ground based surveys can be carried out on foot or on a vehicle.
The traverse direction and the station spacing should be chosen first. The traverse direction is across the strike direction of the target. Continue reading The Magnetic Surveys
Cross contamination is the process where foreign chemical, physical or biological substances are unknowingly transferred from another material or product to the starting material or product. Cross contamination in pharmaceuticals should be avoided at all costs as both the patients taking the drugs and workers in the manufacturing industry are at a great risk of adverse health effects.
The most common origin or contributing factors to cross contamination in pharmaceutical manufacturing include: workforce, ventilation, equipment used, water, raw materials and the manufacturing line. Continue reading Prevention of Cross Contamination in Pharmaceuticals
Aggregate play an important part in providing strength to concrete, the transition zone of concrete is the interfacial region between an aggregate and cement paste and is responsible for providing compressive strength to cement. Care should be taken not to use Maximum size aggregate(MSA) more than 20 mm in your houses while there may be rubble of size as big as 80 to 150 mm. However, in the construction of nuclear power plants, use of rubble is advised since they require thick wall section to act as a shield against radiation.
Aggregate should be round and equiangular in size( they should not be irregular and flaky. Continue reading Importance of Aggregates