The pharmaceutical industry has specific requirements when it comes to the equipment used for the production of pharmaceutical forms. This equipment, due to its specificity, is produced accurately in line with the specifications or contractual request (functional requirements document) of a certain drug manufacturer. Before delivery of a final product every purchaser wants to make sure that it is designed, produced and that it operates in an expected way.
Factory acceptance test (FAT) has a very important role in securing product’s quality. Continue reading Factory Acceptance Test in Pharmaceuticals
Cross contamination is the process where foreign chemical, physical or biological substances are unknowingly transferred from another material or product to the starting material or product. Cross contamination in pharmaceuticals should be avoided at all costs as both the patients taking the drugs and workers in the manufacturing industry are at a great risk of adverse health effects.
The most common origin or contributing factors to cross contamination in pharmaceutical manufacturing include: workforce, ventilation, equipment used, water, raw materials and the manufacturing line. Continue reading Prevention of Cross Contamination in Pharmaceuticals
Many centuries ago, the existence of the so-called germs was only a theory. But after years of research medical and pharmaceutical research, it has been confirmed beyond any doubt that all around us, we live surrounded by bacteria and viruses, some of which are good for us, some dangerous, and some that protect us but can become pathogens.
So man sought new ways to protect himself from the dangers in the environment. Continue reading Environmental Isolates in Pharmaceuticals
Shoulder joint is the most flexible joint in our entire body! It is also one of the more complex joints, since it is build up of not two but three bones:
Humerus upper arm boneScapula shoulder blade, andClavicle collarbone
This complexity is really a double edged sword – on one hand it is responsible for the incredible flexibility of this joint, on the other hand it is making it unstable. Continue reading Three Most Common Reasons of Shoulder Joint Pain
This article offers an illustrated description of a method to produce a closed parabolic trough solar energy collector box based on the elasticity of the material. What is described here is basically a manual method to make high efficiency solar collectors against very low cost, which is particularly suited for teaching, research or demonstration purposes. But it is hard for a manually made collector to match the efficiency, lifetime and water tightness standard of an industrial product using the same method. Continue reading Parabolic Solar Collector Making Concept
Science is a study of universal laws and truths with practical applications. Learning Science is an easy task, once a student gets into its essence through proper channels of understanding. Online Science Tutor is the best resource to understand Science in its true spirit.
Science is an eminent branch of learning and it offers a wealth of knowledge about the functions of the world from a practical angle. Continue reading Top 5 Reasons For Choosing Online Science Tutor
Did you ever wonder, who makes up all these theory’s of outer space and the wonders of the universe. The answer is people just like you and I. They are people with a lot of imagination running on a little knowledge they have acquired from somewhere. Example, people once had a theory that the earth was flat.but once it was proven to be round the theory became false and the round became fact and no longer a theory. Continue reading Theory Of The Universe